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Horton Plains National Park see No 35 of IBA Sri Lanka

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Author Topic: Horton Plains National Park see No 35 of IBA Sri Lanka  (Read 1434 times)
indunil
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« on: November 30, 2009, 07:01:41 am »

Three main important Mahaveli,Kalani & Walawe revers started from this area, forms by two difference verdant land forms, the enchanting Horton Plains constitute a rare subtropical eco-system. The hills don in divers wet low evergreen forest with even lager trees growing flattened to the ground on the higher windswept slopes. Lower down, the rolling forestry valley carries the swampy wet patana grassland traversed by sluggish, crystal clear streams.

Sri Lanka's second and third highest peaks, Kirigalpotta (2,395 m) and Thotupola Kanda (2,357 m) are found here, Traditionally mahaeliya in singhela.it was rechristened as Hortan Plains after Sri Robet Hortan,he is Sr Lankan British Governor in 1831-1937.it was gazette as Nature Reserve on 1988 due to itís unique watershed & biodiversity valve.

Area
Situated 32km south of Nwara eliya,Horton Plains National Park lies between 6í 47 & 50 north latitudes & 80í 46í & 80 51 east longitudes. Total strength 3,159.8 hectares,

Formed as beautiful mountains & grassland through out the park, itís cradles Belihul Oya,Bagawanthalawa Oya & Agara oya this are the stream sources above mention main revers, further contribute Small Worlds End drops by 274 meters & Worlds end by 884 meters.
Temperature over the year average is as lower as 13C. December to February recording lowest temperature even in the night due to ground frost. Average annual rain falling is 2500mm as both North-East & South-West Monsoon.


Flora

Binara (exacum trinerra macranttum),Keena (Calophyllum malkeri),Polkatugaha (Actinodaphne Speciosa),Maharatmal (Rhododendron arboretum),Wal Kurundu (Cinnamomum avalifolium),Sita-Pera (Rhodomyrtus tomentoa),Wel-Kapuru (Gaultheria rudius),Maha meemana (Cyathea spp),Bovitiya (Osbeckia walkeri),Gawara (Garnotia mutica)
Dwarf Bamboo (Arundinaria densifolia),Kikuya Grass (Pennisetum clandestinum)
Damba (Syzygium cordifolium,Syzygium gardneri)

Birding Highlights 
Here Recording 62 species including 11 endemics.

Mammals Highlights
Sambar (Cerrus unicolour unicolour),Leopard. (Panthera pardus kotiya),Dusky Squirrel,Beer Monky-(Samnopithecus vetulus monticola),Barking deer,Giant Squirrel,Fishing Cat,Wild Boar,Hares,Horton Lizard,Grizzled Indian Squirrel,oque Monkey,Purple-faced Leaf Monkey
Further Triangle Skimmer & Red_Veined Darter are can see this area as

Access
Three main gates available
Via Nuwara Eliya,Ambewela,Pitigala Road approximately 32km 
Via Haputhele Or Welimada,Boralanda,Ohiya approximately 38km
Via Nuwara Eliya,Hakgala,Rendapola,Amewela,Pattipola approximately 38km
Only Adventural visitors can enter through Thalawakale-Diyagama-Belihuloya-Nagarak trails

More Reading
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horton_Plains_National_Park

National Park MAP
http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_sLg3plu3Qd4/SNKOWDg1V3I/AAAAAAAACYA/yEhA66SW16Q/s400/Map_Horton+Plains.jpg
http://www.lanka.com/images/map/map-of-hortonplains-national-park.jpg
 
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